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Capiz shells are actually the outer shell of a marine mollusk, whose scientific name is “placuna placentta’, more commonly called “windowpane oyster” which is found in the coastal waters of the Philippines. Philippine capiz shells are so named because they were originally harvested near the town of capiz, on the island of Panay.

In Philippine colonial days, capiz shells awere used in making windows, because they are translucent enough to allow considerable daylight to pass through. These windows, which can still be seen in older houses throughout the Philippines, were made of small square shells, held together by thin strips of woods, designed to slide open and close.
Coconut, whose scientific name is “cocos nucifera”, is usually called the “Tree of Life” because every part of it can be used in various ways – from food items to medicinal purposes, and even for home decors. The fruit-bearing palms are native to the Philippines.

Coconut is highly nutritious and rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Its husks are burned for fuel in some areas. Its seed fiber, called “coir”, is taken from the husk and used to make brushes, mats, fishnets and rope. Palm wood, which comes from the trunk, is an ecological substitute for endangered hardwoods and has several applications, particularly in furniture and specialized construction, notably in Manila's Coconut Palace. In the Philippines, dried half coconut shells with husks are used to buff floors, also known as "bunot", and even used as a music instrument in a folk dance called “maglalatik”, a traditional dance about the conflicts for coconut meat within the Spanish era.
Abaca fiber, the country's premier fiber and known worldwide as Manila hemp, is obtained from the leaf sheath of the abaca. It is considered the strongest among natural fibers and processed into cordage, pulp and specialty paper and fiber crafts.

The Abaca plant is indigenous to the Philippines whose warm, wet climate and volcanic soils are particularly suited to its cultivation. It is similar to banana in appearance except that the leaves are upright, pointed, narrower and more tapering. When Magellan and his companions arrived in Cebu in 1521, they noted that the natives were wearing clothes made from the fiber of the abaca plant, noting further that the weaving of the fiber was already widespread in the island.
Seashells are animal shells that are perhaps most familiar and most commonly encountered both in the wild and as decorative objects. A shell is a hard, rigid outer layer developed by a wide variety of different animal species, including mollusks, crustaceans, turtles and tortoises, armadillos and microscopic organisms.

Seashells are often used whole and drilled so that they can be threaded like a bead, or cut into pieces of various shapes. These have been formed or incorporated into pendants, beads and buttons, among other uses. Small pieces of colored and iridescent shell have been used to create mosaics and inlays, which have been used to decorate walls, furniture and boxes. Large numbers of whole seashells, arranged to form patterns, have been used to decorate mirror frames, furniture and man-made grottos.